• Ozone layer recovery could be delayed by 30 years12th of oct 2017: ###################################################################### https://phys.org/news/2017-09-mathematics-sixth-mass-extinction.html Mathematics predicts a sixth mass extinction by 2100 September 20, 2017 Rothman then asked whether history followed his hypothesis. By searching through hundreds of published geochemistry papers, he identified 31 events in the last 542 million years in which a significant change occurred in Earth's carbon cycle. For each event, including the five mass extinctions, Rothman noted the change in carbon, expressed in the geochemical record as a change in the relative abundance of two isotopes, carbon-12 and carbon-13. He also noted the duration of time over which the changes occurred. He then devised a mathematical transformation to convert these quantities into the total mass of carbon that was added to the oceans during each event. Finally, he plotted both the mass and timescale of each event. "It became evident that there was a characteristic rate of change that the system basically didn't like to go past," Rothman says. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - see also the full article o his: http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/3/9/e1700906.full - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2016/08/24/human-caused-climate-change-has-been-happening-for-a-lot-longer-than-we-thought-scientists-say/?utm_term=.5198ccb6b1c1 According to Abram, the study’s results suggest that “we have already warmed the planet more than what we would think we have if we’re basing our assessments just on the period since the 1880s.” And this means we may actually be closer to the kind of dangerous climate consequences many experts have predicted the planet could see if we blow past the 2-degree threshold, she suggested. “Actually finding that humans had a measureable impact on the climate in the mid 19th century was somewhat of a surprise,” Abram said. “It’s a finding that, no matter which way we tested, we kept coming up with that same answer.” “Our initial reaction to detecting this early onset of warming was the same [As Mann who cricizes them for in his view over-estimating the real but smaller anthropogenic 1800s effects – that what we were seeing was the climate rebounding from the big eruptions in the early 1800s and that later the effect of greenhouse gases kicked in,” Abram noted in a follow-up email to The Post. “But as we continued to test the data and our methods it became clear that you don’t need these big eruptions in the early 1800s to explain the early warming.”

  • People may be breathing in microplastics, health expert warns

  • “Global warming is now in overdrive”: We just hit a terrible climate milestone By Melissa Cronin on 4 Mar 2016 We’ve just surpassed a historic climate threshold — and the world is still heating up. As of Thursday morning, for the first time in recorded history, average temperatures across the Northern Hemisphere briefly crossed the threshold of 2 degrees Celsius above “normal.” Eric Holthaus picked up on the momentous occasion over at Slate, adding that global warming is now “going into overdrive.”
    "A few degrees warmer since preindustrial averages may not seem like
      much, but in the grand scheme of things, it matters. Countries
      around the world formally agreed years ago to hold warming under the
      2-degree mark, and the respected Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
      Change has warned of the dangerous impacts of 2 degrees of  global
      warming." *****is the author aware that "2 degrees C effects"
    are now known to start at 1 or 1.5? See 1) Video with Kevin Anderson
    "dangerous-cliamte-change" file
  • Another Month, Another Troubling Arctic Sea Ice Record Published: March 2nd, 2016 This year is quickly excising 2015 from the dubious top of the climate record books. The most freakishly warm month on record, record atmospheric heat in February and now for the second month in a row, a new monthly Arctic sea ice low...February saw record low sea ice extent, with ice running a significant 448,000 square miles below average. In essence, a chunk of ice four times the size of Arizona went missing in action from the Arctic.. The culprit? Once again, the Arctic was super warm for this time of year. The National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) , which released the new data on Wednesday, said that temperatures ranged from 11°-14°F above average in the central Arctic. http://assets.climatecentral.org/images/made/3_2_16_Brian_SeaIceExtentComparison_720_576_s_c1_c_c.png
  • what-the-earth-will-be-like-in-10000-years-according-to-scientists/ Washington Post Feb 2016
  • Dixson’s research was the first to demonstrate that ocean acidification has an impact on behavioral decisions in fish. Her study revealed that while the fish grow the same and seem normal, they spend more time away from their habitat, they no longer learn from one another, and they become bold and aggressive. These cognitive and behavioral changes cause inappropriate responses to important information, which equates to a 5-9 times increase in mortality. Dec 2015
  • Methane and Extinction Deniers: The New Climate Change Challenge out of 14:!5, see at 9:45 minutes, "to destabilized 1% of this pool, I think it's not much effort needed, considering that the state of permafrost and the amount of methane currently involved, because what divides this methane from the atmosphere is a very shallow water column and a weakening permafrost which is losing its ability to seal, to serve as a seal.." (earlier she noted: total amount of Methane currently: 5GT, total amt in frotzen methane: 100s to 1000s, so only about 1% of that beign release would DOUBLE the "atmospheric load" of methane)
  • Microbeads kill animals and destroy the environment "Microbeads are an important example of this wider problem of us designing products for one-time use that we're stuck with for our lifetimes, our children's lifetimes, our grand children's lifetimes. But it will kill us."

    Companies have even managed to stuff them into toothpaste, where they appear to serve little function beyond adding color, alarming dentists who warn that they can get lodged into gums and trigger bacterial infections.

    The environmental hazards posed by these microbeads are well documented, as they make their way through the drains of our showers and sinks and are deposited in waterways from New York to the Arctic. Instead of breaking down readily in the environment, the little bits of plastic become vehicles of toxins that are consumed by wildlife, putting various species at risk as well as the humans who eat them.

    Conservationists note that aquatic species mistake the beads for sediment, zooplankton, and other small organisms, and eat them as food. As the plastic freely enters the environment, it is increasingly likely that people will consume toxic fish.

  • FAUX GOOD NEWS: "Research: Arctic Sea Ice Loss Likely to be Reversible" but by the end, this: “In other words, no tipping point is likely to devour what’s left of the Arctic summer sea ice. So if global warming does soon melt all the Arctic sea ice, at least we can expect to get it back if we somehow manage to cool the planet back down again.”
  • Honeybees dying, situation ‘unheard of’ Turns out Pettis was right. VanEngelsdorp and other researchers at the Bee Informed Partnership, affiliated with the Department of Agriculture, just announced more than 40 percent of honeybee hives died this past year..The number is preliminary, but is the second-highest annual loss recorded to date...“What we’re seeing with this bee problem is just a loud signal that there’s some bad things happening with our agro-ecosystems,” study co-author Keith Delaplane of the University of Georgia told the AP. “We just happen to notice it with the honeybee because they are so easy to count.” “What has emerged is a complex set of pressures on managed and wild bee populations that includes disease, a parasite known as the varroa mite, pesticides, extreme weather and poor nutrition tied to a loss of forage plants.”
    “If losses continue at the 33 percent level, it could threaten the economic viability of the bee pollination industry,” the department said. “Honey bees would not disappear entirely, but the cost of honey bee pollination services would rise, and those increased costs would ultimately be passed on to consumers through higher food costs

    Another mid-May article, NY Times: annual survey released on Wednesday by the Bee Informed Partnership, a consortium of universities and research laboratories, about 5,000 beekeepers reported losing 42.1 percent of their colonies in the 12-month period that ended in April. That is well above the 34.2 percent loss reported for the same period in 2013 and 2014, and it is the second-highest loss recorded since year-round surveys began in 2010 Most striking, however, was that honeybee deaths spiked last summer, exceeding winter deaths for the first time...

    “We expect the colonies to die during the winter, because that’s a stressful season,” said Dennis vanEngelsdorp, an assistant entomology professor at the University of Maryland who directs the survey for the bee partnership. “What’s totally shocking to me is that the losses in summer, which should be paradise for bees, exceeded the winter losses.” Beekeepers once expected to lose perhaps 10 percent of their bees in an average year. But deaths began to spike in the middle of the past decade, when a phenomenon in which bees deserted their hives and died en masse, later named colony collapse disorder, began sweeping hives worldwide.
  • Long-Awaited ‘Jump’ In Global Warming Now Appears ‘Imminent’ Joe Romm Posted April 2, 2015 We may be witnessing the start of the long-awaited jump in global temperatures. Many studies suggest we're "about to experience a historically unprecedented spike in temperatures.” Changes in the Pacific Ocean that often signal such a jump have begun.
  • Direct evidence for a positive feedback in climate change... published in the journal Nature Climate Change Press Release 30 MArch 2015
    It has been known for a while that the Earth has historically had
    higher levels of greenhouse gases during warm periods than during ice
    ages. However, it had so-far remained impossible to discern cause and
    effect from the analysis of gas bubbles contained in ice cores.
    Professor Tim Lenton from the University of Exeter said: "Our new
    results confirm the prediction of positive feedback from the climate
    models, the big difference is that now we have independent data based
    evidence for it." (actually for many years now we've had partial
    results, like evidence that soil microbes more active, releasing more
    GHG apparently due to recent warming, etc...but this is more direct,
    more 'proven' etc)
  • Critical ocean circulation in Atlantic appears to have slowed It might be more sensitive to temperature changes than models project. by Scott K. Johnson - Mar 27, 2015 6:20pm GMT+2
    Rather than waiting for future measurements, a new study led by Stefan Rahmstorf of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research tries to create a robust reconstruction of the past behavior of the AMOC. (Rahmstorf also wrote about the study for the RealClimate blog.) The work relies on the AMOC’s surface temperature footprint. If you look at warming trends around the globe for the last century, there’s a conspicuous hole in the North Atlantic that hasn’t warmed at all. It’s in just the place where climate models simulate cooling when the AMOC, with its northward transport of warmer water, slows down.
  • tarctic ice shelves are melting dramatically, study finds. Melting of floating ice shelves around the continent is accelerating, potentially unlocking extra sea level rise from larger ice sheets jammed behind them The new research, published in the journal Science on Thursday, discovered for the first time that ice shelf melt is accelerating.
    A team of US scientists looked at 18 years’ worth of satellite data and found the floating ice shelves that skirt the continent are losing 310km3 of ice every year. One shelf lost 18% of its thickness during the period.

    Professor Andrew Shepherd, director of the Centre for Polar Observation and Modelling at the University of Leeds, said the rates of ice loss were unsustainable and could cause a major collapse. This is already occurring at the massive Pine Island glacier, where ice loss has doubled in speed over the last 20 years as its blocking ice shelf has melted.

    “This is a real concern, because such high rates of thinning cannot be sustained for much longer, and because in the places where Antarctic ice shelves have already collapsed this has triggered rapid increases in the rate of ice loss from glaciers above ground, causing global sea levels to rise,” he said.

  • 2°C climate change target 'utterly inadequate' The official global target of a 2°C temperature rise is 'utterly inadequate' for protecting those at most risk from climate change, says a lead author on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, in the journal Climate Change Responses..(Suggests 1.5 C instead; By the way, one lead UK reseracher has for some time now said said 1C is the new "2C" due to newer science findings anyway) See also RTCC copy of story, RespondingToclimatechange 2015 March
  • Amazon Trees Removed Almost a Third Less Carbon March 21, 2015, "The amount of carbon the Amazon’s remaining trees removed from the atmosphere fell by almost a third last decade, leading scientists to warn that manmade carbon emissions would need to be cut more deeply to tackle climate change."
  • Global warming is now slowing down the circulation of the oceans — with potentially dire consequences
    Rahmstorf points to a recent release by the National Climatic Data Center of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, finding that the winter of December 2014 through February 2015 was the warmest on record for the globe as a whole,/b>. However, there were several anomalies — not just a cold winter for the eastern U.S., but also record cold temperatures in the middle of the North Atlantic:

  • Arctic sea ice hit a record low this winter. Here's why it matters. ("post-Winter HIGH" (as opposed to September LOW) is at record min, about 20% lower than the 35+ year average)
  • Nature.com January 2015 finding:
    Our results suggest that, globally, a third of oil reserves, half of gas reserves and over 80 per cent of current coal reserves should remain unused from 2010 to 2050 incommensurate with efforts to limit average global warming to 2 °C. Our results show that policy makers’ instincts to exploit rapidly and completely their territorial fossil fuels are, in aggregate, inconsistent with their commitments to this temperature limit. Implementation of this policy commitment would also render unnecessary continued substantial expenditure on fossil fuel exploration, because any new discoveries could not lead to increased aggregate production.
  • On thin ice: Combined Arctic ice observations show decades of loss
    It’s no surprise that Arctic sea ice is thinning. What is new is just how long, how steadily, and how much it has declined. University of Washington researchers compiled modern and historic measurements to get a full picture of how Arctic sea ice thickness has changed.

    The results, published in The Cryosphere, show a thinning in the central Arctic Ocean of 65 percent between 1975 and 2012. September ice thickness, when the ice cover is at a minimum, is 85 percent thinner for the same 37-year stretch.

    “The ice is thinning dramatically,” said lead author Ron Lindsay, a climatologist at the UW Applied Physics Laboratory. “We knew the ice was thinning, but we now have additional confirmation on how fast, and we can see that it’s not slowing down.”

    Which A March 5, 2015 articles which cites: http://www.the-cryosphere.net/9/269/2015/tc-9-269-2015.html we find that the annual mean ice thickness has decreased from 3.59 m in 1975 to 1.25 m in 2012, a 65% reduction. This is nearly double the 36% decline reported by an earlier study.
  • 2012 article by Jennifer Francis on Jet Stream, climate change etc effects on weather due to arctic amplification
    There have been many examples of “stuck” weather patterns during the past few years. Deep troughs in the jet stream hung over the U.S. east coast and Western Europe during the winters of 2009/2010 and 2010/2011, bringing a seemingly endless string of snow storms and teeth-chattering cold. In the early winter of 2011/2012, in contrast [matches EXACTLY my observatiosn of winter of jan-feb2010 and janFeb2010 PERSISTENTly COLD, vs JanFeb2012], these same areas were under ridges, or northward bulges of the jet stream, which brought unusually warm and snowless conditions over much of North America. At the same time, however, a DEEP TROUGH SAT OVER ALASKA, dumping RECORD snows.
    - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - http://www.vocativ.com/culture/science/rainforest-deforestation/
  • The US south-west and the Great Plains will face decade-long droughts far worse than any experienced over the last 1,000 years because of climate change, Feb 2015
  • YOUTUBE: The jet stream is changing mpr (Minnesota Public Radio), Feb 2015, Dr. Jennifer Frnacis 0:58mins
  • Second Warmest January on Record Globally January 2015 was the second warmest January since record keeping began in 1880, said NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) on Thursday. NASA also rated January 2015 as the 2nd warmest January on record, behind January 2007, By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 5:53 PM GMT on February 19, 2015
  • Climate fix for rising seas could foul Miami's Biscayne Bay New pumps installed to keep the city dry flooded Biscayne Bay with a soup of phosphorus, nitrogen and other pollutants that can feed toxic algae blooms, according to a study overseen by Florida International University geologist Henry O. Briceno. In parts of the bay, the mass flushing caused nutrients to increase six-fold. If pumping were to become a regular practice, nutrients that are “like caviar for algae” could fuel nasty-smelling blooms that kill marine life and turn water a bright pea green, he said.

    “You have a dry city. A very safe city,” with increased pumping, Briceno said. “But you won't have any beaches to bring tourists.” ..Briceno worried the city was “only looking at one face of the coin,” and not at how water, pushed through ground polluted with old septic tanks, animal feces and other contaminants, affected the bay. (Jan 2015, Miami Herald)

  • Millions of gallons of oil from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill didn't get cleaned up and instead settled in the sediment of the Gulf of Mexico's floor, a new study has found. (Jan 2015, ClimateProgress)
  • Methane cuts won't buy us time on climate change "There is no alternative to ending human emissions of carbon dioxide, if we want to prevent dangerous climate change. Suggestions that cutting a range of non-CO2 gases might do at least part of the job are based on faulty accounting, according to a new study (November 2014)
    The science assessment, published in 2013, calculated that CO2 emissions must be capped at 2900 billion tonnes to give a 66 per cent chance of avoiding warming above 2 degrees Cs – widely regarded as a threshold for dangerous climate change. But some 2000 billion tonnes had already been emitted by the end of 2011.
    [So only 900 gigatons to go and even then only a 2/3 chance of success! Now, about 36.7 gigatons CO2/year (accessed nov 17, 2014) So even if CONSTANT rather than INCREASING, we'd have 900/36.7 = 24.5 years to go]
    ...a new study published independently of the IPCC report by Joeri Rogelj of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Laxenberg, Austria, says that the potential for preventing 2 degrees of warming by controlling these [non-CO2, Greenhouse gas] pollutants has been "strongly and consistently overestimated".
  • One of the leading authorities on the physics of northern seas is predicting an ice-free Arctic Ocean by the year 2020. (Alaska Dispatch, October 2014)
    That's about two decades sooner than various models for climatic warming have indicated the Arctic might fully open.

    “No models here,” Peter Wadhams, professor of applied mathematics and theoretical physics at the University of Cambridge in England, told the Arctic Circle Assembly in Reykjavik, Iceland, on Sunday. “This is data.”

    Wadhams has access to data not only on the extent of ice covering the Arctic, but on the thickness of that ice. The latter comes from submarines that have been beneath the ice collecting measurements every year since 1979.

    Wadhams later clarified that by “ice-free” he didn't exactly mean the Arctic was going to look like the Baltic Sea in summer. The scientific definition of "ice-free" is complicated.

    Wadhams' pronouncement was angrily challenged by one of the scientists modeling sea ice decline, but the elderly physicist stuck to his guns. He admitted he is predicting a very early opening of the Arctic, but this is “not a model.”

    “I wasn't issuing any threats to anyone.”

    The modelers, he told Alaska Dispatch News later, are very sensitive about their models. But he added that it's hard to deny the actual data. He had plotted the ice decline as a graph curving steadily and increasingly downward since the 1970s and hitting zero in 2020.

    Wadhams — who has spent much of his life working in, on or under the Arctic ice — said he is not suggesting the Arctic is on its way to becoming the new Mediterranean. He is only suggesting the polar ice cap that has locked the region under ice year-round for centuries is going to go away, at least in summer.

    “In fact, it (the Arctic) could become nastier” because of that, he added, citing the weather conditions that can develop as rain, wind and snow whip over vast expanses of broken ice.

    The loss of Arctic ice might actually have more of an impact on the climate than on humans over the short term. Without ice cover to reflect sunlight back into space, the summer Arctic will begin to absorb a lot of solar energy.

    The effect of that, Wadhams said, “is like increasing our emissions by a quarter.”

  • Arctic Sea Ice Volume 2014: Decline Leads to Colder Winters in Europe and Asia Researchers from Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute at the University of Tokyo performed 200 computer simulations showing what happens when the ice melts in the Barents-Kara area. The model revealed that ice declines in the region doubled the coldness of winters in Europe and Asia.
    The experiment showed that the decline in sea ice pushed the waters to absorb heat from the sun that eventually led to changes in the temperature. Researchers saw blocking patterns where the atmosphere is unchanged for days or weeks.

    The findings of the study are similar to an earlier study performed by Jennifer Francis of Rutgers University, who initially suggested a link between declining sea ice and extreme weather change at the Northern Hemisphere.(oct 2014)

  • nasa-hottest-august Posted Sept 2014 about Aug 2014
  • A new study finds that the change in the trend of Antarctic sea ice growth over time is “not as extreme as the published literature indicates,” as one coauthor put it. The most important thing to know about Antarctica and ice is that a large part of the South Pole's great sheet of land ice is close to or at a point of no return for irreversible collapse. Only immediate action to sharply reverse CO2 emissions could stop or significantly slow that. And that really matters since 90 percent of Earth's ice is in the Antarctic ice sheet, and even its partial collapse could raise sea levels tens of feet (over a period of centuries) and force coastal cities to be abandoned. The abstract explains:
    Recent estimates indicate that the Antarctic sea ice cover is expanding at a statistically significant rate with a magnitude one-third as large as the rapid rate of sea ice retreat in the Arctic. However, during the mid-2000s, with several fewer years in the observational record, the trend in Antarctic sea ice extent was reported to be considerably smaller and statistically indistinguishable from zero. Here, we show that much of the increase in the reported trend occurred due to the previously undocumented effect of a change in the way the satellite sea ice observations are processed … rather than a physical increase in the rate of ice advance.
    "Bottom line: Antarctic sea ice trends are an intriguing scientific puzzle worthy of academic interest, whereas Antarctic land ice trends are like the planet running around with its hair on fire, yelling “stop the madness of denial and delay before it's too late.”(July 2014) (see also New studies in Science and Geophysical Research Letters (GRL) find that glaciers in the Amundsen Sea region of the great Antarctic ice sheet have begun the process of irreversible collapse. That by itself would raise sea levels 4 feet in the future just due to those sources alone. (may 2014) and quoting NY Times:
    [Climatologist Richard Alley] added that while a large rise of the sea may now be inevitable from West Antarctica, continued release of greenhouse gases will almost certainly make the situation worse. The heat-trapping gases could destabilize other parts of Antarctica as well as the Greenland ice sheet, potentially causing enough sea-level rise that many of the world's coastal cities would eventually have to be abandoned.

    “If we have indeed lit the fuse on West Antarctica, it's very hard to imagine putting the fuse out,” Dr. Alley said. “But there's a bunch more fuses, and there's a bunch more matches, and we have a decision now: Do we light those?”

  • Social Cost of Carbon Greatly Underestimated: Report
  • ..for years researchers believed the glaciers in the frigid northeast section of Greenland, which connect to the interior of the country's massive ice sheet, were resilient to the effects of climate change that have affected so much of the Arctic. But new data published Sunday in Nature Climate Change reveals that over the past decade, the region has started rapidly losing ice due to a rise in air and ocean temperatures caused in part by climate change. 2014 march
  • An international team of scientists has discovered that the circulation pattern of deep water in the North Atlantic may be more fragile than previously thought due to a rapid addition of fresh water to the ocean's surface waters. Their paper has been published in the online edition of the journal Science.
  • 2013 Arctic Report Card: Only 7 percent of the ice cover at the end of winter 2013 was old, thick ice (as antoher website ClimateCentral, notes, used to be 26% was odl ice, now 7% - video at CC.org)

  • Year Begins with Unusual Amount of Extreme Weather Britain has had its wettest winter in 250 years but temperatures in parts of Russia and the Arctic have been 10°C above normal....According to the UN's World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which monitors global weather, the first six weeks of 2014 have seen an unusual number of extremes of heat, cold and rain – not just in a few regions as might be expected in any winter, but right the way around the world at the same time, with costly disruptions to transport, power systems and food produc... "Melbourne, Adelaide and Canberra have all had record heat waves, while temperatures in Moscow were 11°C above normal. Germany and Spain were 2°C above normal for January..
  • Sea Level Rise ‘Locking In' Quickly, Cities Threatened finds Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) paper; interactive graphic at top of this summary

  • Believe it or not, last month was the warmest January since 2007 and the fourth warmest on record, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said Thursday. (US NEws, via some google.com page)
  • Arctic Autumns On Track To Warm A Staggering 23 ° F, NOAA Warns
    "Climate models show carbon emission mitigation could slow Arctic temperature increases." That is NOAA's glass-is-half-full-of-ice headline for a new study that finds we are on track for mind-boggling Arctic warming this century.

    Since that "dog bites man" headline is essentially self-evident, the story didn't get much pick up. NOAA buried the bombshell lede:

    Climate model projections show an Arctic-wide end-of-century temperature increase of +13 ° Celsius [23 ° F!] in late fall and +5 ° Celsius [9 ° F] in late spring if the status quo continues and current emissions increase without a mitigation scenario.

    If you think the weather has been weird, the Arctic sea ice loss astounding, and the accelerating Greenland ice sheet loss worrisome with the modest Arctic warming we've had to date, well, buckle up, we're in for a bumpy century. arctic-sea-ice-cubes-2013

    Arctic sea ice volume has already decreased by 75 percent since the 1980s

    ...How fast Greenland could melt if large parts of it were some 20 ° F warmer in the fall is not known, but one would have to imagine that it would be a considerably faster pace than today -- leading ultimately to an ice-free Greenland, which, by itself would raise sea levels more than 20 feet.

  • A joint report issued by the UK Meteorological Office and the UK Centre of Ecology and Hydrology states that the recent stormy weather that has afflicted the British Isles is "consistent" with global warming although the two British government agencies have stopped short of pinning definitive blame for the recent run of wind, rain and flooding on climate change. The report also links Britain's storms with the recent extreme cold in North America and says both have their "roots in the tropics" (feb 2, 2014) "These extreme weather events on both sides of the Atlantic were linked to a persistent pattern of perturbations to the jet stream, [as well as patterns] over the Pacific Ocean and North America. .. associated with higher than normal ocean temperatures [elsewhere]

  • Greenland glacier flowing at record speeds The glacier believed to have spawned the iceberg that sank the Titanic is flowing into the ocean at clip four times faster than its pace during the 1990s. (UPI) ; ;;(also at natureWorldNews)

  • Temperatures across the Arctic have been rising substantially in recent decades as a result of the buildup of greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere. Studies by CU-Boulder researchers in Greenland indicate temperatures on the ice sheet have climbed 7 degrees Fahrenheit since 1991. (separate googel confirms: 7F (not 7C)) ...The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, which brings warm tropical waters linked to the Gulf Stream up to the latitudes of Britain , is an important contributor to Europe's warm and temperate climate, they said. This weakening of the AMOC is likely to cause a cooling of the North Atlantic Ocean,
  • Slowing of Atlantic currents could bring changes in Europe's climate "Major currents in the North Atlantic Ocean seem to be slowing down, British researchers say, which could have major impacts on weather in the United Kingdom. A recently measured slowdown of 10 to 15 percent may be part of larger decline that began in the 1990s and shows no sign of stopping yet" January 21, 2014.
  • Pine Island Glacier melting past 'the point of no return' PIG..could now be in a state of irreversible retreat, making it likely to become an even more significant contributor to the global sea level rise during the next two decades..published in Nature Climate Change, found that in recent years, the grounding line, which separates the grounded ice sheet from the floating ice shelf, has retreated by tens of kilometres. (London Independent, Tuesday 14 January 2014)
    not only is more ice flowing from the glacier into the ocean, but it's also flowing faster across the grounding line - the boundary between the grounded ice and the floating ice. We also can see this boundary is migrating further inland. "The Pine Island Glacier shows the biggest changes in this area at the moment, but if it is unstable it may have implications for the entire West Antarctic Ice Sheet.
  • 10 ° F Climate Warming Expected By 2100
    A major new study in Nature finds "our climate is more sensitive to carbon dioxide than most previous estimates."

    The result, lead author Steven Sherwood told me, is that on our current emissions path we are headed toward a "most-likely warming of roughly 5 ° C [9 ° F] above modern [i.e. current] temperatures or 6 ° C [11 ° F] above preindustrial" temperatures this century.

    This finding is consistent with paleoclimate data (see "Last Time CO2 Levels Hit 400 Parts Per Million The Arctic Was 14 ° F Warmer!").

  • PITTSBURGH (AP) -- In at least four states that have nurtured the nation's energy boom, hundreds of complaints have been made about well-water contamination from oil or gas drilling, and pollution was confirmed in a number of them, according to a review that casts doubt on industry suggestions that such problems rarely happen.
  • Climate change could put seafloor marine life in world oceans at risk (Dec. 31, 2013 at 4:19 PM, UPI) An international team of scientists, led by Daniel Jones of the National Oceanography Center in Southampton, had predicted seafloor-dwelling marine life will decline by as much as 38 per cent in the North Atlantic and more than 5 percent globally in the next century. Read more: http://www.upi.com/Science_News/2013/12/31/Climate-change-could-put-seafloor-marine-life-in-world-oceans-at-risk/UPI-84661388524774/#ixzz2pHNl3ETj Read more: http://www.upi.com/Science_News/2013/12/31/Climate-change-could-put-seafloor-marine-life-in-world-oceans-at-risk/UPI-84661388524774/#ixzz2pHNh2b6z
  • New finding shows climate change can happen in a geological instant In a new paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Morgan Schaller and James Wright contend that following a doubling in carbon dioxide levels, the surface of the ocean turned acidic over a period of weeks or months and global temperatures rose by 5 degrees centigrade – all in the space of about 13 years. Scientists previously thought this process happened over 10,000 years. Oct 2013.
  • Assessing "Dangerous Climate Change": Required Reduction of Carbon Emissions to Protect Young People, Future Generations and Nature (James Hansen et al) A cumulative industrial-era limit of ~500 GtC fossil fuel emissions and 100 GtC storage in the biosphere and soil would keep climate close to the Holocene range to which humanity and other species are adapted. Cumulative emissions of ~1000 GtC, sometimes associated with 2 ° C global warming, would spur "slow" feedbacks and eventual warming of 3–4 ° C with disastrous consequences (Dec 2013)

  • Methane Emissions in U.S. Probably Top Estimates: Study U.S. emissions of methane -- a greenhouse gas -- are probably 50 percent higher than current estimates show, according to a study published yesterday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.

    The study estimated emissions in 2007 and 2008, using measurements on the ground, in telecommunications towers and from aircraft for a comprehensive inventory of the second most abundant greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide. It found that the U.S. now underestimates methane releases from the raising of livestock and the extraction of oil and natural gas. (BLOOMBERG, Nov 2013)

  • Arctic Seafloor Methane Releases Are Double Previous Estimatesa new study in Nature Geoscience has found that the SEAFLOOR off the coast of NORTHERN SIBERIA is releasing MORE THAN TWICE the amount of methane as previously estimated - the East Siberian Arctic Shelf is venting at least 17 million tons methane..per year..

    "It is now on par with the methane being released from the arctic tundra, which is considered to be one of the major sources of methane in the Northern Hemisphere," said Natalia Shakhova, one of the paper's lead authors and a scientist at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. "Increased methane releases in this area are a possible new climate-change-driven factor that will strengthen over time."

    "I believe that all other arctic shelf areas are significantly underestimated and should be paid very careful attention to." ...rther warm the planet. Scientists call this phenomenon a positive feedback loop. "We believe that the release of methane from the Arctic, and in particular this part of the Arctic, could impact the entire globe," Shakhova said.

  • EU commissioner: The annual U.N. climate talks are nearing irrelevance (if I'm not mistaken she was previously very diplomatic about such realities). Nov 25, 2013. After two weeks of attempted negotiations, the U.N. climate talks at Warsaw limped/ambled their way to a wholly unsatisfying conclusion. The missed opportunity, Connie Hedegaard, Europe's climate commissioner, told the Associated Press, raises the issue of whether we should even be having the annual gatherings:
    As the gavel dropped, negotiators emerged with a vague road map on how to prepare for a global climate pact they're supposed to adopt in two years -- work Hedegaard said will be crucial in answering whether the world still needs the U.N. process.

    "I think that it has to deliver a substantial answer to climate change in 2015," Hedegaard said. "If it fails to do so, then I think this critical question will be asked by many more."

    As so often, missing what's under our nose, and mis-disagnosing: as if "The UN" or "The IPCC" per se is the problem - the countries themselves; and their political-economic "disfunction" (corporate power and modern first world "democratic" governments) are themselves the stumbling block - as even mainstream, capitalist, multi-millionaire and billionaire reps have stated in the last several years (not necessarily seeing what the true roots of the disfunction is, or seeing but not able to stick neck out and talk about conflict between corporate power and democracy/human-survival) - our main instituttions are disfunctional)

  • 132 countries walk out of UN climate talks this year's international climate negotiations are not going well, to say the least. The coal industry attempted to steal the spotlight, Japan announced that it was no longer going to try to meet its emissions goals, and Poland, the country hosting the talks, fired its environment minister [and is going to Go Big on FRACKING] halfway through...Meanwhile, the Guardian reports, a bloc consisting of 132 of the world's poorest countries walked out of talks concerning compensation for extreme climate events like Typhoon Haiyan.
    One delegate added: "Poland hosted a conference to promote coal earlier this week and now this

    "This is nuts. Changing the minister leading the climate negotiations after a race to the bottom by parties of the convention shows Prime Minister Tusk is not sincere about the need for an ambitious climate deal," said Maciej Muskat, director of Greenpeace Poland.

    "Furthermore, justifying the change of minister by the need to push the exploitation of another fossil fuel in Poland is beyond words," he said.

  • Within 35 years, global average temperatures will be hotter than historical extremes.... an entirely new climate -- one in which [the] coldest years will be consistently hotter than any of the past 150 years. They found that aggressively cutting greenhouse-gas emissions to stabilize the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere would delay the timing of Earth's overall ‘climate departure' by 22 years, until 2069. "Twenty years is not a lot of time, but it could be a window of opportunity to prepare ourselves to adapt to these new climate conditions," says Mora. (Nov 2013, Nature.com)
  • More Bad News For Fracking: IPCC Warns Methane Traps More Heat although the 100-year GWP[global warmign potential] is by far the most widely used, the IPCC drops this mini-bombshell 86 pages into the report: There is no scientific argument for selecting 100 years compared with other choices (Fuglestvedt et al., 2003; Shine, 2009). The choice of time horizon is a value judgement since it depends on the relative weight assigned to effects at different times. The IPCC reports that, over a 20-year time frame, methane has a global warming potential of 86 compared to CO2, up from its previous estimate of 72,/font>. Given that we are approaching real, irreversible tipping points in the climate system, climate studies should, at the very least, include analyses that use this 20-year time horizon. (oct 2013)
  • UNION OF CONCERNED SCIENTISTS--"One IEA study found that increased global use of natural gas could lead to a long-term temperature increase of more than 6o F about pre-industrial levels -- a level of warming associated with high risk of catastrophic environmental and economic consequences."/a>

  • Ocean acidification due to carbon emissions is at highest for 300m years The oceans are more acidic now than they have been for at least 300m years, due to carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels, and a mass extinction of key species may already be almost inevitable as a result. ...An international audit of the health of the oceans has found that overfishing and pollution are also contributing to the crisis, in a deadly combination of destructive forces that are imperilling marine life, on which billions of people depend for their nutrition and livelihood.... There is a time lag of several decades between the carbon being emitted and the effects on seas, meaning that further acidification and further warming of the oceans ARE INEVITABLE, EVEN IF WE DRASTICALLY REDUCE EMISSIONS VERY QUICKLY [HOWEVER]. THERE IS AS YET LITTLE SIGN OF THAT, with global greenhouse gas output STILL RISING. ..............effects were already being felt in some oyster fisheries, where young larvae were failing to develop properly in areas where the acid rates are higher, such as on the west coast of the US. "You can actually see this happening," she said. "It's not something a long way into the future. It is a very big problem........ "People are just not aware of the massive roles that the oceans play in the Earth's systems. Phytoplankton produce 40 per cent of the oxygen in the atmosphere, for example, and 90 per cent of all life is in the oceans. ....The IPSO report also found the oceans were being "deoxygenated" – their average oxygen content is likely to fall by as much as 7 per cent by 2100, partly because of the run-off of fertilisers and sewage into the seas, and also as a side-effect of global warming. ........No country in the world is properly tackling overfishing, the report found, and almost two thirds are failing badly. At least 70 per cent of the world's fish populations are over-exploited. Giving local communities more control over their fisheries, and favouring small-scale operators over large commercial vessels would help this....Current rates of carbon release into the oceans are 10 times faster than those before the last major species extinction, which was the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum extinction, about 55m years ago. The IPSO scientists can tell that the current ocean acidification is the highest for 300m years from geological records.
  • Forest fragmentation triggers 'ecological Armageddon' Species affected by rainforest fragmentation are likely to be wiped out more quickly than previously thought. ...ome small mammal species on forest islands, created by a hydroelectric reservoir, in Thailand became extinct in just five years...
    "Our study focused on small mammals but what we did not report was a similar near-complete extinction of medium to large-sized mammals, such as elephants, tigers and tapirs, which are now completely absent from these islands in the reservoir. "All of these animals were all in the forest landscape before the creation of the reservoir.".."The bottom line is that we must conserve large, intact habitats for nature. That is the only way we can ensure biodiversity will survive."(13 sept, BBC)
  • A report by a team of international scientists concludes there now is no doubt climatic changes are due to humans rather than any other natural factors. "Their report, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, builds on work previously done by scientists" THE ONLY PROBLEM IS THAT NOTHIGN IS EXCTLY 100% SUR EIN SCIENCE, NOT EVEN "THE SUN WILL RISE TOMORROW" SO ANY FUTURE "SO-MUCH-AS-NUANCE" CHANGE IN PERSPECTIVE, LIKE SLIGHTLY ALRGER ROLE PLAYED BY x OR SMALLER ROLE PLAYED BY Y WILL BE LEAPED UPON BY DENIALISTS AS "SEE!?!!?!?! THEY TOLD US THEY WERE SURE!!!!??" ETC ETC (16 sep 2013)(abc.net.au/news)...."'We see warming at the surface and cooling in the UPPER ATMOSPHERE'[as theory says would happen under greenhouse-gas caused global warming], so that immediately discounts the sun as a causal factor."
    "One of the standard sceptic arguments is that all the observed changes are caused by natural variability and often supposed to be due to solar activity. What we have shown beyond a shadow of doubt is that the climate changes we are observing cannot be due to the sun or any other natural factors."

  • Arctic sea ice delusions strike the Mail on Sunday and Telegraph has good graphics:

  • search for "Gunderson" former nuclear regulator now "watchdog" with a lot of information and expertise       Radiation levels 18 times higher than previously reported have been found near a water storage tank at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant,..plant operator says itfound new radiation hotspots "one with levels so high it could kill a person within [four] hours" Tepco admitted recently that only two workers had initially been assigned to check more than 1000 storage tanks on the site. .....Decommissioning the plant is expected to cost tens of billions of dollars and last around 40 years.....


    We cannot replace all nuclear power overnight but can demand a stopping of all new plants in the U.S. and increase monitoring and upgrade satefy of all existing U.S. nuclear plants, and meet new energy needss, new growth in energy production with above far, far less dangerous energy sources of the renewable variety. Tell your congressperson today,

  • update Sep 4 2013: "radiation readings near water storage tanks at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant have increased to a new high, with emissions above the ground near one group of tanks were as high as 2,200 millisieverts [mSv] per hour – a rise of 20% from the previous high. Earlier this week the plant's operator, Tepco, said workers had measured radiation at 1,800 mSv an hour near a storage tank."
    Currently about 400 tonnes of groundwater are streaming into the reactor basements from the hills behind the plant each day. The water is pumped out and held in about 1,000 storage tanks. The tanks contain 330,000 tonnes of water with varying levels of toxicity. Officials are conducting a feasibility study into the frozen wall, with completion expected by March 2015. Although the technology isn't new, the scale of the Fukushima Daiichi project is unprecedented for an atomic facility.

  • ising ocean acidity will exacerbate global warming Carbon dioxide soaked up by seawater will cause plankton to release less cloud-forming compounds back into atmosphere. The model projected that the effects of acidification on DMS could cause enough additional warming for [up to 0.9 degrees F more] if atmospheric CO2 concentrations double. The moderate scenario projects CO2 doubling long before 2100 Aug 2013 (Nature.com) see also abc.net.au

  • At minimum, the model predicts that "major environmental change" will take place for at least 20,000 years, Turner said, with other effects lasting for up to 100,000 years.....a second paper, published recently in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences "What is new here, which is actually a relatively simple idea, is just to combine these two and look how the fast feedback sensitivity evolves over time into earth system sensitivity," When both types of feedbacks are added into the equation, Zeebe projects that the climate will become even more sensitive, making the Earth even warmer for a longer period of time. This increases the possibility of major sea-level rise and the melting of large ice sheets, as well as an uptick in carbon release from permafrost and oceanic methane hydrates. 2013 aug
  • [2012] was among the top 10 warmest for the globe on record, while polar sea ice coverage reached record lows in the Arctic and record highs in the Antarctic..,...Depending on what data set 2012 temperatures are compared to, global temperatures [for 2012] ranked 8th or 9th, according to the National Climatic Data Cente Read more: http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/weather/weather-blog/bal-wx-2012-global-temperatures-among-top-10-warmest-noaa-state-of-the-climate-report-says-20130806,0,6691402.story#ixzz2bGFt2LcP
  • Runaway climate change? It's more likely than we thought

  • Arctic melt is $60tn ‘economic time bomb' 2013July An economic time bomb is buried within the melting Arctic sea ice, scientists have warned. The effect of the methane that is released as the permafrost in the East Siberian Sea melts will cost $60 trillion – the size of the global economy in 2012. Researchers from Cambridge and Rotterdam wrote in Nature that the release of the 50 gigatonnes of methane trapped within the ice will trigger both an environmental and economic disaster. - See more at: http://www.rtcc.org/2013/07/24/arctic-melt-is-60tn-economic-time-bomb/#sthash.0H4v9IYf.dpuf

  • Most Comprehensive Paleoclimate Reconstruction Confirms Hockey Stick (ClimateProgress, from original scilogs.de) The past 2000 years of climate change have now been reconstructed in more detail than ever before by the PAGES 2k project. The results reveal interesting regional differences between the different continents, but also important common trends. The global average of the new reconstruction looks like a twin of the original "hockey stick", the first such reconstruction published fifteen years ago.

  • 2001-2010, A Decade of Climate Extremes GENEVA 3 July 2013 - The world experienced unprecedented high-impact climate extremes during the 2001-2010 decade, which was the warmest since the start of modern measurements in 1850 and continued an extended period of pronounced global warming. More national temperature records were reported broken than in any previous decade, according to a new report by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

  • Obama's fracked-up climate strategy will guarantee global warming disaster Fatally flawed energy policies and inadequate emissions pledges cannot prevent dangerous climate change (2013 June)
  • Antarctic ice melting from bottom Washington - Warming ocean waters are melting the Antarctic ice shelves from the bottom up, researchers said on Thursday in the first comprehensive study of the thick platforms of floating ice.

    Scientists have long known that basal melt, the melting of ice shelves from underneath, was taking place and attributed the trend to icebergs breaking off the platforms.

    But the new study, to be published in Friday's issue of the journal Science, said most of the lost mass came from the bottom, not the top.

  • "In fact, the ten climate scientists who collaborated to write the Washington Post op-ed explain matter of factly: 'Much has been made of a short-term reduction in the rate of atmospheric warming. But "global" warming requires looking at the entire planet. While the increase in atmospheric temperature has slowed, ocean warming rose dramatically after 2000. Excess heat is being trapped in Earth's climate system, and observations of the Global Climate Observing System and others are increasingly able to locate it. Simplistic interpretations of cherry-picked data hide the realities.' (thinkprogress.org)
    , since the media keep misreporting the issue, here once again
      are the four factors that determine how much warming we are going to
      inflict on future generations:
        The so-called "equilibrium climate sensitivity" – the sensitivity
        of the climate to fast feedbacks like sea ice and water vapor. The
        ECS, which is typically the focus of modeling studies like the new
        one discussed above, is how much warming you get if we suddenly
        adopt a super-aggressive effort to cut carbon pollution and only
        double CO2 emissions to 560 ppm  --  and there are no major "slow"
        feedbacks.  We know the fast feedbacks, like water vapor, are
        strong by themselves (see Study: Water-vapor feedback is "strong
        and positive," so we face "warming of several degrees Celsius" and
        Skeptical Science piece here).
        The actual CO2 concentration level we hit, which on our current
        emissions path is far, far beyond 550 ppm (see U.S. media largely
        ignores latest warning from climate scientists: "Recent
        observations confirm … the worst-case IPCC scenario trajectories
        are being realised"  --  1000 ppm).
        The real-world slower (decade-scale) feedbacks, such as tundra
        melt (see "Carbon Feedback From Thawing Permafrost Will Likely Add
        0.4 ° F – 1.5 ° F To Total Global Warming By 2100").
        Where they live  --  since people who live in the mid-latitudes (like
        most Americans) are projected to warm considerably more than the
        average.[from here
        in Joe Romm's climate blog(may 2013)
  • Warming still on track to breach goals
    "The oceans are sequestering heat more rapidly than expected over the last decade [hence potentially worse impacts on oceans, than anticipated]," said Professor Steven Sherwood of the University of New South Wales in Australia, who was not involved in the study.

    "By assuming that this behaviour will continue, (the scientists) calculate that the climate [warming over land] will warm about 20 percent more slowly than previously expected, although over the long term it may be just as bad, since eventually the ocean will stop taking up heat."

  • The report, by the London School of Economics and the non-government organisation Carbon Tracker, found 60 to 80 per cent of oil, gas and coal reserves owned by listed companies would become useless if global emission targets are kept. It is dubbed the "unburnable carbon scenario"....."If we carry on in that direction, then it could create a bubble around these reserves that then don't have a market," he said. "There's been similar findings from the International Energy Agency." Mr Leaton says the world's top 200 fossil fuel companies are valued at $4 trillion, with a further $1.5 trillion in debt. "We think there's a sizeable chunk of that value at risk that the market's not currently pricing in,"...Earlier this month the Australian arm of banking giant Citigroup estimated about 14 per cent of the ASX 200 market capitalisation relates to fossil fuels... but "don't worry" [sarcasm here] because "Citigroup's analysts conclude that while the unburnable carbon scenario is an investment risk, the more likely scenario is greater fossil fuel use and [an even more extreme] degree of global warming." ('13 apr)
  • Antarctic ice [in Peninsula region] melting 10 times faster than 600 years ago Scientists from the British Antarctic Survey and the Australian National University drilled a 360-metre ice core near the northern tip of the peninsula to to identify past temperatures. ...it found temperatures now are 1.6 degrees Celsius higher, and the ice melt is 10 times as fast...the most rapid melt has occurred in the last 50 years......"As the climate has warmed ... the summer temperatures are getting closer and closer to that zero degrees melting threshold," she said. "Now, for every little bit of warming that happens, you get more days that go above that temperature ... [and that] small increase in temperature can causes a very large increase in melting." The research paper is being published in the journal Nature Geoscience.

  • Tokyo Electric Power Co. (9501) said [***TENS***OF***] thousands of gallons Tepco estimates about 120 tons (32,280 gallons) of radioactive water has escaped, company spokesman Daisuke Hirose said, adding it was uncertain how much contaminated water has soaked into the soil...The leak is the latest stumble in efforts [can you imagine media (a) calling it a "STUMBLE" if it was an officially-bad-country? (b) or uwing passive tense so often ("in efforst to" instead of "[messup/stumble] by the Japanese governmetn"]....and the leaked water contains about 710 billion becquerels of radiation, the most since the facility reached a stable state known as cold shutdown in December 2011, Hirose said. [my posted comment: Would a leak of TENS of thousands of gallons of radioactive water, be called a "stumble" if it was not Japan but an officially-bad-guys government, like Iran or North Korea or even an officially-semi-bad-but-we-love-their-cheap-products country like China, would it be called merely a "stumble"? - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - This article refers to " 710 billion becquerels of radiation" in this water, and that it probably has not reached the ocean...however the article "is-fukushima-leaking-or-is-the-the-reactor-wholly-uncontained" at .washingtonsblogDotcomm cites that "Japanese experts say that Fukushima is currently releasing up to 93 billion becquerels of radioactive cesium into the ocean each day" which if true would not only indicate that some (other) radiation is reaching the ocean, but also that it's in quantities so large as to be more than these 710 billion becquerels every period of less than 8 days (710/93 is about 7.6 so every 7.6 days you get yet another 710 billion units, and another such amount after another seven and a half days, etc) I-DELETED:This article refers to " 710 billion becquerels of radiation" in this I-DELETED: water, and that it probably has not reached the ocean...however the I-DELETED: article I-DELETED: "is-fukushima-leaking-or-is-the-the-reactor-wholly-uncontained" at I-DELETED: .washingtonsblogDotcomm cites that "Japanese experts say that I-DELETED: Fukushima is currently releasing I-DELETED: up to 93 billion becquerels of radioactive cesium into the ocean I-DELETED: each day" which if true would not only indicate that some (other) I-DELETED: radiation is reaching the ocean, but also that it's in quantities so I-DELETED: large as to be more than these 710 billion becquerels every period I-DELETED: of less than 8 days (710/93 is about 7.6 so every 7.6 days you get I-DELETED: yet another 710 billion units, and another such amount after another I-DELETED: seven and a half days, etc) I-DELETED: I-DELETED:Yup, just search fro "93 billion becquerels" and you'll find it I-DELETED: reported on Energy News and other sites. Of course I realize that's I-DELETED: one issue, and this so-called "stumble" is its own incident..but I-DELETED: this article (inadvetently, I'll assume) gives the impression that I-DELETED: nothing radioactive at all is reaching the ocean I-DELETED:Search for, also: "Tokyo Professor: Radionuclides are being released I-DELETED: continuously into ocean from Fukushima plant -- Coming from I-DELETED: somewhere around reactor housings (CHART)" http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-04-07/tepco-says-fukushima-plant-leaked-120-tons-of-radioactive-water.html ]
  • Fukushima: Massive Leaks Continuing On a Daily Basis … For Years On EndJapanese experts say that Fukushima is currently releasing up to 93 billion becquerels of radioactive cesium into the ocean each day. How much radiation is that? A quick calculation shows that Chernobyl released around ten thousand times more radioactive cesium each day during the reactor fire. But the Chernobyl fire only lasted 10 days … and the Fukushima release has been ongoing for more than 2 years so far [MY CALCULATION: 25 MONTHS OR ABOUT 750 DAYS; THUS 75 TIMES AS LONG AS THOSE 10 DAYS; SO 75/10,000 SO SOON WILL BE 100/10,000 OR 1% OF THE RADIATION??]

    ....Indeed, Fukushima has already spewed much more radioactive cesium and iodine 131 than Chernobyl. The amount of radioactive cesium released by Fukushima was some 20-30 times higher than initially admitted. The bottom line is that the reactors have lost containment. There are not "some leaks" at Fukushima. "Leaks" imply that the reactor cores are safely in their containment buildings, and there is a small hole or two which need to be plugged. But scientists don't even know where the cores of the reactors are. That's not leaking. That's even worse than a total meltdown. MANY LINKS IN THE ABOVE TEXT, SEE URL AND CLICK TO FIND/DOCUMENT THE OTHER CLAIMS